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Cultivation

Sprouting Willow Cultivation and VarietiesA new willow is planted, usually through weed suppressant fabric, between December to March using a 12 inch long willow cutting. The cutting will sprout branches, or rods, from the buds and, depending on the variety, will grow between 2 and 16 foot in a growing season. During the Autumn the willow will then drop it’s leaves between September and November and is then coppiced by hand every year. The willow can then be sorted into bundles of different lengths ready for weaving.
The images below show the willow at it’s growing stages over the months. As you can see in the last picture the willow is above head height.

Willow 6th May Willow 26th May Willow 5th June Willow 19th June Willow 14th August

The willow can be used in different ways:

Hatton Willow only supply bark on or brown willow because of the labour and machine intensive processes that are needed to produce buff willow, white willow and steamed willow.

Varieties

There are hundreds of varieties of willow consisting of many different sizes, thicknesses and colours. Hatton Willow currently grow the following willow varieties in Caerphilly, South Wales:

Dried Black maulBlack Maul (Salix Triandra)
Black maul is the most well known basketry willow. At our site in Caerphilly it can grow up to 12 foot per year but this is unusual. It is brown colour and other willows can be used around it as a highlight.
Purchase Black Maul cuttings

 

Black WillowBlack Willow (Salix Nigricans)
Black willow dries to have a lovely black/purple colour. Yearly coppiced rods or whips grow up to 7 foot and mostly grow branchy. Lovely as an ornamental but side branches and straight rods can be used for basketry.
Purchase Black Willow cuttings

 

Brittany BlueBrittany Blue (Salix Purpurea)
Purchase Brittany Blue cuttings

 

Brittany Green (Salix Purpurea)
Purchase Brittany Green cuttings

 

Chermesina CardinalisCardinalis (Salix Alba Chermesina)
Cardinalis dries to a lovely yellow/orange colour. It does grow quite branchy but side shoots can be used for basketry but it looks great in a vase as an ornamental. Grows 6 foot per year.
Purchase Cardinalis cuttings

 

Close up of Cohu BlueCohu Blue (Salix Purpurea)
Cohu blue has lovely blue/purple bark and holds its furry catkins well if you coppice the willow at the right time. It looks lovely as an ornamental willow.
Purchase Cohu Blue cuttings

 

Close up of Common OsierCommon Osier (Salix Viminalis)
Common Osier can grow up to 16 foot in one year. It is mainly used for living willow structures, fedges and as the main stakes in willow hurdles but could also be used for furniture and as a short rotation crop or biomass willow for fuel as it’s so fast growing.
Purchase Common Osier cuttings

 

Close up of Continental PurpleContinental Purple (Salix Daphnoides)
Beautiful purple colour which develops a white bloom once the willow has dried. Suitable for living willow structures but smaller rods can be used in baskets. Rods can grow up to 8 foot in one year.
Purchase Continental Purple cuttings

 

Dark Dicks willowDark Dicks (Salix Purpurea)
Purchase Dark Dicks cuttings

 

 

Dicky Meadows willowDicky Meadows (Salix Purpurea)
Purchase Dicky Meadows cuttings

 

 

Flanders RedFlanders Red (Salix Alba Vitellina x Fragilis)
Flanders red is a great basketry willow with a waxy skin. Rods grow up to 7 foot and the willow has a lovely red/green colour when freshly cut and will dry to an orange colour. Flanders red can also be used as an ornamental willow because of the strong orange colour.
Purchase Flanders Red cuttings

 

Green DicksGreen Dicks (Salix Purpurea)
Green dicks is a fine basketry willow with long and slender rods. Grows up to 5 foot per year and is a yellow/green colour. Perfect for fine baskets.
Purchase Green Dicks cuttings

 

Harrisons B willowHarrisons B (Salix Purpurea x Viminalis)
Purchase Harrisons B cuttings

 

 

Hutchinsons yellow bark willowHutchinsons yellow bark (Salix Alba x Fragilis)
Purchase Hutchinsons yellow bark cuttings

 

 

Jaune de Falaise willowJaune de Falaise bark (Salix Alba Vitellina x Fragilis)
Purchase Jaune de Falaise cuttings

 

 

Leicestershire Dicks willowLeicestershire Dicks (Salix Purpurea)
Purchase Leicestershire Dicks cuttings

 

 

Light Dicks willowLight Dicks (Salix Purpurea)
Purchase Light Dicks cuttings

 

 

Norbury willowNorbury (Salix Purpurea)
Purchase Norbury cuttings

 

 

Packing Twine willowPacking Twine (Salix Purpurea)
Purchase Packing Twine cuttings

 

 

Purple willowPurple Willow (Salix Purpurea)
Purchase Purple willow cuttings

 

 

Close up of Scarlet WillowScarlet Willow (Salix Alba Chermesina)
Scarlet willow can grow up to 5 foot in one year. It is known for being branchy but is worth growing as you will get straight willow rods along with the branchy ones. This willow is green when cut but will dry to a bright orange. The colour can change to become brighter or darker depending whether it is left in the dark or light to dry
Purchase Scarlet Willow cuttings

 

Slender Tip willowSlender Tip (Salix Purpurea)
Purchase Slender Tip cuttings

 

 

Whipcord willowWhipcord (Salix Purpurea)
Purchase Whipcord cuttings

 

 

Whissender willowWhissender (Salix Triandra)
Purchase Whissender cuttings

 

 

White Welsh willowWhite Welsh Willow (Salix Fragilis Decipiens)
White welsh willow is a pale colour and gives good contrast in colour in basket weaving. It will take a few years to give a good amount of rods if coppiced on a yearly basis.
Purchase White Welsh cuttings

To view pictures of the willow visit the gallery